Social movements may focus on equal rights, such as the s movement for same-sex marriage, or they may focus on liberation, as in the gay liberation movement of the s and s. Earlier movements focused on self-help and self-acceptance, such as the homophile movement of the s. Although there is not a primary or an overarching central organization that represents all LGBT people and their interests, numerous LGBT rights organizations are active worldwide. The earliest organizations to support LGBT rights were formed in the early 20th century.
A commonly stated goal is social equality for LGBT people; some currents within these movements have also focused on building LGBT communities, or worked towards liberation for the broader society from sexual oppression. LGBT movements today are made up of a wide range of political activism and cultural activity, such as lobbying and street marches ; social groups, support groups and community events; magazines, films and literature; academic research and writing; and even business activity. LGBT movements are opposed by a variety of individuals and organizations. As with other social movements, there is also conflict within and between LGBT movements, especially about strategies for change and debates over exactly who comprises the constituency that these movements represent — for instance, to what extent do lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transgendered people, intersexed people and others share common interests and a need to work together? Significant social, legal and political gains have been made by LGBT communities, especially in the Western world since the s.
Ireland Votes to Approve Gay Marriage, Putting Country in Vanguard
In , Thomas Jefferson proposed a law that would mandate castration for gay men and mutilation of nose cartilage for gay women. But that's not the scary part. Here's the scary part: Jefferson was considered a liberal. At the time, the most common penalty on the books was death. Supreme Court finally put an end to laws criminalizing same-sex intercourse in Lawrence v.
The gay rights movement in the United States has seen huge progress in the last century, and especially the last two decades. Laws prohibiting homosexual activity have been struck down; lesbian, gay and bisexual individuals are now allowed to serve openly in the military transgender individuals were allowed to serve openly from until March , when a new ban was put in place. And same-sex couples can now legally get married and adopt children in all 50 states.