The Sea Peoples From Cuneiform Tablets To Carbon Dating
But hadn't most of us already come to the conclusions offered in this paper? I'll admit some have included Sardinians in the picture but surely it is more likely that the Shardana settled there after. Same with Danaan and Shekelesh, and so on. The evidence from Gibala and the Philistine's combined effectively proves the case that the Mycenaeans were the Sea People from merely persuasive among several plausible to candidates, to proof beyond a reasonable doubt that pretty much rules out the alternatives. Until these two recent discoveries, other candidates seemed viable. Now, they do not, at least in the Levant.
The Sea Peoples, from Cuneiform Tablets to Carbon Dating
Posted by: chaamjamal on: August 16, The macro economy of agricultural wealth creation and its control had evolved such that the farmers themselves became pawns peasants in a power game among individuals who could raise armies to control agricultural lands. With further developments such as language both spoken and written and artisan and engineering innovations such as pottery, copper mining, metal works, and making of tools for agriculture and warfare, the controlled agricultural lands evolved into large and powerful kingdoms ruled by the king with his army in a palatial sub-economy and worked by peasants and artisans in a rural agricultural sub-economy. It is important in this context to understand the kingdoms as a bifurcation because these distinct sub-economies were differently impacted by the Late Bronze Age Collapse LBAC. The distinction is similar to that between urban and rural societies in our time.
Weakening of this ancient flourishing Mediterranean world shifted the political and economic centres of gravity away from the Levant towards Classical Greece and Rome, and led, in the long term, to the emergence of the modern western civilizations. Textual evidence from cuneiform tablets and Egyptian reliefs from the New Kingdom relate that seafaring tribes, the Sea Peoples, were the final catalyst that put the fall of cities and states in motion. However, the lack of a stratified radiocarbon-based archaeology for the Sea People event has led to a floating historical chronology derived from a variety of sources spanning dispersed areas. Here, we report a stratified radiocarbon-based archaeology with anchor points in ancient epigraphic-literary sources, Hittite-Levantine-Egyptian kings and astronomical observations to precisely date the Sea People event. By confronting historical and science-based archaeology, we establish an absolute age range of BC for terminal destructions and cultural collapse in the northern Levant.