Radiocarbon dating to determine the age of plant and animal
There will be no changes to other Yahoo properties or services, or your Yahoo account. You can find more information about the Yahoo Answers shutdown and how to download your data on this help page. Scientist can determine the age of ancient objects by a method called radiocarbon dating. The bombardment of the upper atmosphere by cosmic rays converts nitrogen to a radioactive isotope of carbon, 14C, with a half-life of about years. Vegetation absorbs carbon dioxide through the atmosphere and animal life assimilates 14C through food chains. When a plant or animal dies, it stops replacing its carbon and the amount of 14C begins to decrease through radioactive decay.
Explain the method of radio-carbon dating to determine the age of plant and animal fossils
Carbon 14 Dating Calculator
Seventy years ago, American chemist Willard Libby devised an ingenious method for dating organic materials. His technique, known as carbon dating, revolutionized the field of archaeology. Now researchers could accurately calculate the age of any object made of organic materials by observing how much of a certain form of carbon remained, and then calculating backwards to determine when the plant or animal that the material came from had died. An isotope is a form of an element with a certain number of neutrons, which are the subatomic particles found in the nucleus of an atom that have no charge.
To find the years that have elapsed from how much Carbon 14 remains, type in the C percent and click on Calculate. Chapter 4: What about carbon dating? Most people find the subject of radiometric dating too technical to understand. Until recent years, scientists who believe in creation haven't had the necessary resources to explore radiometric dating in detail.
The ability to precisely date, or identify the age of an object, can teach us when Earth formed, help reveal past climates and tell us how early humans lived. So how do scientists do it? Radiocarbon dating is the most common method by far, according to experts. This method involves measuring quantities of carbon, a radioactive carbon isotope — or version of an atom with a different number of neutrons.