LGBT employment discrimination in the United States is illegal under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of ; employment discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity is encompassed by the law's prohibition of employment discrimination on the basis of sex. Prior to the landmark cases Bostock v. Clayton County, Georgia and R. Harris Funeral Homes Inc. Presidents have established certain protections for some employees of the federal government by executive order. It was not for years that a president did in fact establish an executive order in order to protect LGBT discrimination in the work force.
Since then, the highest federal court in the country has weighed-in on about a dozen other LGBTQ rights—related cases, which have had powerful impacts on the gay rights movement. SCOTUS's first gay rights case focused on the First Amendment—specifically, how the rights of free speech and press apply to homosexual content. In , Los Angeles' postmaster Otto Olesen ordered federal postal authorities to seize ONE , a homosexual magazine the nation's first , arguing that the magazine's content was "obscene. One, Inc.
Supreme Court says gay, transgender workers protected by law
Help us continue to fight human rights abuses. Please give now to support our work. Download the full report in English. Over the past decade, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender LGBT people have made significant legal and political gains in the United States, including the freedom to marry. Despite this progress, federal law does not expressly prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity in fields like employment, housing, and access to services, and fewer than half of the states offer explicit protections for LGBT people at the state level.
The gay rights movement in the United States has seen huge progress in the last century, and especially the last two decades. Laws prohibiting homosexual activity have been struck down; lesbian, gay and bisexual individuals are now allowed to serve openly in the military transgender individuals were allowed to serve openly from until March , when a new ban was put in place. And same-sex couples can now legally get married and adopt children in all 50 states.